Insight behind the investment in Medium (by Ben Horowitz)



  • Medium was founded by Ev Williams, co-funder of Blogger and Twitter.
  • Easy for beginners to combining all types of online contents such as tweets, gifs, graphics, and video along with text
  • its ultimate goal is to become a medium where independent authors can not only work with great tools and find their audience, but also earn a living thus finally fulfilling the true promise of blogging.
  • Etsy for independent designers, Medium for independent writers, SoundCloud for independent musicians, and ____ for independent _____?

How a driverless car sees the road


  • Self driving (driverless) car recognize people, other cars, bicycles, and etc through laser, and distinguish them based on big data (machine learning).
  • Driver assistance tool is valuable in the perspective that it can reduce the number of accident by 50% but it will never be able to become a driverless system. Driverless system is a totally different story.

Amazon e-book policy change / Potential effect of rising interest rates on startup valuation

Amazon e-book policy change (Techmeme) 

“The new funding mechanism introduces some important new motivations for writers. Suddenly, there’s no reward for producing a big book that no one reads. Many people have joked, for instance, that no one could have read the roughly 700 pages of Thomas Piketty’s Capital in the 21st Century, because it was so dense and written for insiders. It was the kind of best seller that people bought because it looked good on the coffee table. For writers who play Amazon’s game, these big, kitchen-sink projects will become even less sustainable unless people start truly reading every page.”

Amazon to pay authors of self-published Kindle Unlimited and Kindle Owners’ Lending Library e-books based on pages read, not downloads, from July 1st (Peter Wayner / The Atlantic) http://theatln.tc/1IsFICihttp://techme.me/Jh07

Rising interest rates and startup valuation (Fred Wilson) 

Janet Yellen, the Chairman of the Federal Reserve, has been signaling to the financial markets that the Fed is going to raise rates towards the end of the year. If this happens, it will be the first time in nine years that the Fed has raised rates in the US. And it will be the end of an extraordinary period of near zero interest rates that resulted from the financial crisis of 2008. The near zero interest rate policy allowed banks and brokerage firms to replenish their balance sheets, work off their book of toxic assets, and regain their health. It also allowed the US economy to rebound from the effects of the financial crisis, it allowed homeowners to hold onto homes through difficult financial times, and it allowed businesses to borrow and raise capital at very attractive rates.

A side effect of this period of cheap money is that the tech sector, venture capital, and startups have enjoyed a valuation environment that has been extraordinarily friendly. I wrote about this in March of last yearand said:

It is the combination of these two factors, which are really just one factor (cheap money/low rates), that is the root cause of the valuation environment we are in. And the answer to when/if it will end comes down to when/if the global economy starts growing more rapidly and sucking up the excess liquidity and policy makers start tightening up the easy money regime.

Yellen has also been signaling that the Fed does not plan to make rapid and large increases in rates. So the valuation environment in the tech and startup sector may not change quickly. But it will change. And so will the valuation environment in the stock market. This is because valuation multiples are inversely correlated to interest rates. When rates rise, valuation multiples fall.

So, I am going to watch the Fed’s moves and the market reaction with interest. This may have an impact on the venture capital market and startup valuations so it’s not something to ignore.